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Joint Pain Specialist

Sastry K. Topalli, MD -  - Interventional Pain Management

Atlantic Pain Interventions & Rehabilitation

Sastry K. Topalli, MD

Interventional Pain Management & Rehabilitation located in Chesapeake, VA

Joint pain is a common problem that affects more than 54 million Americans. Over time, joint pain increases your risk of mobility issues, making it difficult to walk, exercise, or stay physically active. At Atlantic Pain Interventions & Rehabilitation in Chesapeake, Virginia, interventional pain management specialist Sastry K. Topalli, MD, treats all types of joint pain, including hip pain, knee pain, and shoulder pain. To schedule an appointment, book a consultation online, or call the office today.

Joint Pain Q & A


What is joint pain?

Joint pain refers to any swelling, stiffness, or general discomfort that affects the joints –– areas of your body where two bones meet. Joint pain can occur anywhere, but it’s especially common in the hips, knees, and shoulders.

In some cases, joint pain points to an underlying injury. However, it can also occur due to chronic conditions like arthritis.

What symptoms accompany joint pain?

Common symptoms you may experience with joint pain include:

  • Swelling
  • Joints that are tender, red, or warm to the touch
  • Pain that persists for three days or longer
  • Fever
  • Visible deformity

If you experience joint pain, you might also find it difficult to move or place weight on your affected joint.

What causes joint pain?

The leading cause of joint pain is arthritis. Arthritis is a group of chronic conditions that negatively affect your joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis, but the two most common are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. 

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system turns on your joints and begins attacking them. Osteoarthritis occurs when your cartilage, a soft, cushion-like substance that pads your joints, wears away due to general wear-and-tear.

Other factors that may trigger joint pain include bursitis, lupus, gout, fibromyalgia, sports-related injuries, and osteoporosis.

How is the cause of joint pain diagnosed?

To diagnose the cause of your joint pain, Dr. Topalli reviews your medical history and asks about your lifestyle and symptoms. He conducts a physical exam, carefully observing your joints for signs of warmth, swelling, or redness.

Dr. Topalli might order joint X-rays, MRI, or laboratory tests. For example, a sedimentation rate test can measure the level of inflammation throughout your body. High levels of inflammation may indicate rheumatoid arthritis.

How is joint pain treated?

Treatment of joint pain at Atlantic Pain Interventions & Rehabilitation depends on the underlying cause and intensity of your symptoms. Usually, Dr. Topalli recommends healthy lifestyle changes like losing weight or adopting a new diet, exercising regularly, drinking plenty of water, and partaking in physical therapy.

If your symptoms persist, Dr. Topalli might recommend:

  • Prescription medication
  • Joint injections
  • Fluoroscopy-guided injections
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Laser therapy

If your joint pain is severe, surgical intervention, such as a partial or total joint replacement, may be necessary. Dr. Topalli can refer you to a specialist in the area who performs these operations.

To schedule a joint pain appointment at Atlantic Pain Interventions & Rehabilitation, book a consultation online, or call the office today.